Social Network Analysis, Ethics and LGPD, considerations in research

Authors

  • Luiz Paulo Carvalho Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ)
  • Jonice Oliveira Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ)
  • Flávia Maria Santoro Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ)
  • Claudia Cappelli Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ)

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5753/isys.2021.1235

Keywords:

LGPD, Social Network Analysis, Ethics in Computing, Data Protection, Personal Data-based Research

Abstract

Data protection and data-driven solutions are two progressing areas permeating Brazilian society. This work presents an interdisciplinary theoretical approach related to Ethics, from the ethics in computing perspective; the LGPD, from the Law studies perspective; and the Social Network Analysis in Brazil, from the Informatics perspective. This research area utilizes personal data extensively for knowledge construction, with semantic contributions, analyzing the reality; or pragmatic, building artifacts. Challenges and inseparable issues are observed, exposed, and debated in this work. We present considerations combining the three topics, personal data in the research field of social networks in Brazil respecting the LGPD and ethics precepts.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

ABEP (2017). GUIA DE PROTEÇÃO DE DADOS. LGPD para Profissionais de Pesquisa de Mercado, Opiniao e Mídia. Available at: cutt.ly/FtmXfA6. Accessed: 05/05/2021 (in Brazilian Portuguese).

Amorim, P., Sacramento, C., Capra, E., Tavares, P., and Ferreira, S. B. L. (2019). Submeter ou não meu projeto de pesquisa em ihc ao comitê de Ética, eis a questão. Proceedings of the XVIII Simposio Brasileiro sobre Fatores Humanos em Sistemas Computacionais. (in Brazilian Portuguese).

Avelar, D. (2019). Whatsapp fake news during brazil election ‘favoured bolsonaro’. Available at: cutt.ly/DtmXD5D. Accessed: 05/05/2021.

Babbie, E. R. (1998). The practice of social research. Wadsworth Publishing Company, Belmont, 8 edition.

Belmudes, G. (2020). Aplicac¸ao da lgpd nas redes sociais. Available at: cutt.ly/EtmXJie. Accessed: 05/05/2021 (in Brazilian Portuguese).

Bhatta, J., Sharma, S., Kandel, S., and Nepal, R. (2020). Infodemic monikers in social media during covid-19 pandemic. Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management, 15(4):95–97.

Bioni, B. (2019). Protec¸ao de Dados Pessoais. A Função e os Limites do Consentimento. Forense, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, 2nd edition. (in Brazilian Portuguese).

Bond, C., Ahmed, O. H., Hind, M., Thomas, B., and Hewitt-Taylor, J. (2013). The conceptual and practical ethical dilemmas of using health discussion board posts as research data. J Med Internet Res, 15(6):e112.

Borner, K., Scrivner, O., Gallant, M., Ma, S., Liu, X., Chewning, K., Wu, L., and Evans, A. (2018). Skill discrepancies between research, education, and jobs reveal the critical need to supply soft skills for the data economy. Proceedings of the National

Academy of Sciences, 115(50):12630–12637.

Brasil (2012). Ministerio da saúde. RESOLUÇÃO CNS Nº 466, DE 12 DE DEZEMBRO DE 2012. Available at: https://conselho.saude.gov.br/resolucoes/2012/Reso466.pdf. Accessed: 05/05/2021 (in Brazilian Portuguese).

Brasil (2014). MANUAL DE ORIENTAÇÃO PARA ATUAÇÃO EM MÍDIAS SOCIAIS IDENTIDADE PADRAO DE COMUNICAÇÃO DIGITAL DO PODER EXECUTIVO FEDERAL, v.2. Available at: http://www.secom.gov.br/pdfs-da-area-de-orientacoes-gerais/internet-e-redes-sociais/secommanualredessociaisout2012_pdf.pdf. Accessed: 05/05/2021 (in Brazilian Portuguese).

Brasil (2018). LEI Nº 13.709, DE 14 DE AGOSTO DE 2018. Available at: http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/_ato2015-2018/2018/lei/L13709.htm. Accessed: 05/05/2021 (in Brazilian Portuguese).

Brasil (2019a). LEI Nº 13.853, DE 8 DE JULHO DE 2019. Available at: http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/_Ato2019-2022/2019/Lei/L13853.htm. Accessed: 05/05/2021 (in Brazilian Portuguese).

Brasil (2019b). Proposta de emenda a constituição no. 17, de 2019. Available at: https://www25.senado.leg.br/web/atividade/materias/-/materia/135594. Accessed: 05/05/2021 (in Brazilian Portuguese).

Brasil (2021). Guia do framework de segurança. Available at: https://cutt.ly/vbRQwcn. Accessed: 05/05/2021 (in Brazilian Portuguese).

Bucci, M. P. (2008). Notas para uma metodologia jurídica de analise de políticas publicas. Políticas Públicas: possibilidades e limites .

Can, F., Ozyer, T., and Polat, F. (2014). State of the Art Applications of Social Network Analysis. Springer International Publishing, New York, NY.

Carvalho, L. P., Oliveira, J., Cappelli, C., and Majer, V. (2019). Desafios de transparência pela lei geral de proteção de dados pessoais. In Anais do VII Workshop de Transparencia em Sistemas, pages 21–30, Porto Alegre, RS. SBC. (in Brazilian Portuguese).

Carvalho, L. P., Oliveira, J., and Santoro, F. (2020). Who watches you? an allegory of dataveillance and cyberstalking. In Anais do I Workshop sobre as Implicac¸oes da Computação na Sociedade, pages 85–96, Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil. SBC. (in Brazilian Portuguese).

Chassang, G. (2017). The impact of the EU general data protection regulation on scientific research. ecancer, 11(709).

Donahue, L. (2016). Who owns the content posted on social media? Available at: cutt.ly/CtmXBCR. Accessed: 05/05/2021 (in Brazilian Portuguese).

EU (2018). General data protection regulation (gdpr): Regulation (eu) 2016/679. Available at: https://gdprinfo.eu/. Accessed: 05/05/2021.

Fabiano, N. (2020). The value of personal data is the data protection and privacy preliminary condition: Synthetic human profiles on the web and ethics. In Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Applications of Intelligent Systems, APPIS 2020, New York, NY, USA. Association for Computing Machinery.

Fleck, G. (2020). Anti-fascist movements are re-emerging in brazil to counter bolsonaro. Available at: https://cutt.ly/LbRQWat. Accessed: 05/05/2021.

Gabdulhakov, R. (2020). (con)trolling the web: Social media user arrests, state-supported vigilantism and citizen counter-forces in russia. Global Crime, 21(3-4):283–305.

Guess, A., Nagler, J., and Tucker, J. (2019). Less than you think: Prevalence and predictors of fake news dissemination on facebook. American Association for the Advancement of Science, 5(1).

Harris, J. (2015). What’s in a name? a method for extracting information about ethnicity from names. Political Analysis, 23(2):212–224.

Hijmans, H. and Raab, C. (2018). Ethical dimensions of the GDPR. Edward Elgar.

Isaak, J. and Hanna, M. J. (2018). User data privacy: Facebook, cambridge analytica, and privacy protection. Computer, 51(8):56–59.

Jernigan, C. and Mistree, B. (2009). Gaydar: Facebook friendships expose sexual orientation. First Monday, 14(10).

Kemeny, R. (2020). Brazil is sliding into techno-authoritarianism. Available at: https://www.technologyreview.com/2020/08/19/1007094/brazil-bolsonaro-data-privacy-cadastro-base/. Accessed: 05/05/2021.

Kotsios, A., Magnani, M., Vega, D., Rossi, L., and Shklovski, I. (2019). An analysis of the consequences of the general data protection regulation on social network research. Trans. Soc. Comput., 2(3).

Larson, D. and Chang, V. (2016). A review and future direction of agile, business intelligence, analytics and data science. International Journal of Information Management, 36(5):700 – 710.

Lobo, H. (2015). O que e vício de consentimento? Available at: cutt.ly/1tmX1Qs. Accessed: 05/05/2021 (in Brazilian Portuguese).

Manzoor, A. (2017). Ethics of Social Media Research, pages 225–238. IGI Blobal, New York, NY.

Mello, M. T. L. and Araujo, T. F. (2015). Eficacia e efetividade da lei de acesso à informação brasileira – uma abordagem metodológica interdisciplinar, pages 193–196. Educs, RS, Caxias do Sul.

Moor, J. H. (2005). Why we need better ethics for emerging technologies. Ethics Inf Technol, 7:111–119.

Moribe, G., Junior, O., and Monteiro, R. (2019). Comparing privacy laws: Gdpr v. lgpd. Available at: cutt.ly/8tmX0ST. Accessed: 05/05/2021.

Mortier, R., Haddadi, H., Henderson, T., McAuley, D., and Crowcroft, J. (2015). Humandata interaction: The human face of the data-driven society. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2508051. Accessed: 05/05/2021.

Mulholland, C. (2020). A LGPD e o novo marco normativo no Brasil. Arquipelago Editorial, Porto Alegre, RS. (in Brazilian Portuguese).

Oliveira, M. I. S. and Loscio, B. F. (2018). What is a data ecosystem? In Proceedings of the 19th Annual International Conference on Digital Government Research: Governance in the Data Age, number 74 in dg.o ’18, New York, NY, USA. Association for Computing Machinery.

Pentland, A. (2013). The data-driven society. Scientific American, 309(4):78–83.

Perry, B. L., Pescosolido, B. A., and Borgatti, S. P. (2018). Egocentric Network Analysis: Foundations, Methods, and Models. Structural Analysis in the Social Sciences. Cambridge University Press.

Recker, J. (2013). Scientific research in information systems: a beginner’s guide. Springer Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, New York, NY.

Reijers, W., Wright, D., Brey, P., Weber, K., Rodrigues, R., O’Sullivan, D., and Gordijn, B. (2018). Methods for practising ethics in research and innovation: A literature review, critical analysis and recommendations. Science and Engineering Ethics, 24.

Reis, A. B. O. (2015). O objeto de pesquisa em ciencias sociais: para além da contemplação, pages 154–164. Educs, RS, Caxias do Sul.

Rio de Janeiro (2018). MANUAL DE BOAS PRATICAS E RECOMENDAÇÕES EM MÍDIA DIGITAL. Available at: http://www.rio.rj.gov.br/dlstatic/10112/7596427/4211621/manual_boas_praticas_2018_3.pdf. Accessed: 05/05/2021 (in Brazilian Portuguese).

Russia (2006). Federal law of 27 july 2006 n 152-fz on personal data. Available at: https://pd.rkn.gov.ru/authority/p146/p164/. Accessed: 05/05/2021.

Ruviaro, L. M. and Nedel, N. K. (2017). Os limites de fiscalizac¸ao do servidor público: Uma analise a partir do direito a privacidade e do princípio da primazia do interesse público. In Anais do 4º Congresso Internacional de Direito e Contemporaneidade: mídias e direitos da sociedade em rede. (in Brazilian Portuguese).

Sherwood, J., Clark, A., and Lynas, D. (2005). Enterprise Security Architecture: A Business-Driven Approach. CRC Press, 1 edition.

Stattner, E. and Vidot, N. (2011). Social network analysis in epidemiology: Current trends and perspectives. pages 1 – 11.

Sumpter, D. (2018). Outnumbered: From Facebook and Google to Fake News and Filter bubbles The Algorithms That Control Our Lives. Bloomsbury Sigma, New York, NY.

The Economist (2017). The world’s most valuable resource is no longer oil, but data. Available at: cutt.ly/XtmX3K5. Accessed: 05/05/2021.

The Moscow Times (2019). ‘we tracked your social media, you’re gay’: Russian student threatened with expulsion. Available at: cutt.ly/jtmX4cW. Accessed: 05/05/2021.

Tyler, T. R. (2017). Methodology in legal research. Utrecht Law Review, 13(3):130–141.

Vadhan, S. (2017). The Complexity of Differential Privacy, pages 347–450. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Valente, R. (2020). Relatório do governo separa em grupos jornalistas e influenciadores. Available at: https://noticias.uol.com.br/colunas/rubens-valente/2020/12/01/governo-bolsonaro-jornalistas-redes-sociais.htm. Accessed: 05/05/2021.

Veliz, C. (2020). Privacy is Power: Why and How You Should Take Back Control of Your Data. Bantam Press, London, UK.

Yang, S., Keller, F. B., and Zheng, L. (2017). Social Network Analysis: Methods and Examples. SAGE Publication Inc., California, CA.

Yun, R., Rosso, A. M., Maia, F., Godinho, G., and Gonzaga, R. (2020). Comparativo - gdpr, lgpd, ccpa, pci, bacen, iso. Available at: https://www.lgpdacademicooficial.com.br/materiais/2ab39155-0c1f-49b5-aa0b-bc6cae49e956, note = Accessed: 05/05/2021 (in Brazilian Portuguese),.

Zheleva, E. and Getoor, L. (2011). Privacy in Social Networks: A Survey, pages 277–306. Springer US, Boston, MA.

Published

2021-08-20

How to Cite

Carvalho, L. P., Oliveira, J., Santoro, F. M., & Cappelli, C. (2021). Social Network Analysis, Ethics and LGPD, considerations in research. ISys - Brazilian Journal of Information Systems, 14(2), 28–52. https://doi.org/10.5753/isys.2021.1235

Issue

Section

Extended versions of selected articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)

<< < 1 2