Problems and Solutions in the Design for Deaf Persons who are Sign Language Users to Adopt Assistive Technology Products

Authors

  • Polianna dos Santos Paim UFMT
  • Soraia  Silva Prietch UFMT

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5753/jis.2019.554

Keywords:

People who are deaf, Assistive technology, Written language, Sign language, Libras

Abstract

Libras is the mother language of people who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing (D/HH) in Brazil, characterizing them as people who use visual cues and signs to communicate with the world. Specialized researchers and educators affirm that people who are D/HH first have to be literate in their mother language (L1, sign language) in order to learn the second language (L2, written language). The teaching-learning process of written language as L2 is still a challenge, subject of many investigations and experimentations. This paper presents results and discussions from exploring and understanding problems and solutions of the design for Deaf persons who are sign language (SL) users to adopt an Assistive Technology (AT) product. This AT product refers to a solution for use in the teaching-learning process of Brazilian Portuguese written language as L2. Our methodological approach is to follow the phases of a framework in proposition, which combines concepts of Co-design, adoption of AT, HumanComputer Interaction lifecycle, Semantic Numbers theory and Writing Process. The framework proposed aims to include codesigners in every phase to guarantee higher chances of being accessible and potentially adopted by the stakeholders. Our results were obtained from two semio-participatory workshops, in which we worked with the Stakeholders Diagram and the Evaluation Frame as co-design artifacts. In the former case, many problems, questions, solutions and ideas were presented by stakeholders, to whom cultural diversity and multimodality were central aspects to be considered in the design of an AT product for Deaf people who are SL users.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

M. Anjo, E. Pizzolato and S. Feuerstack, "An evaluation of real-time requirements for automatic sign language recognition using ANNs and HMMs - The LIBRAS use case", in SBC Journal on 3D Interactive Systems, vol. 4, L. Nedel and A. Raposo, Eds. Porto Alegre: Brazilian Computing Society, 2013, pp. 14-24. Retrieved Nov 11, 2019 https://seer.ufrgs.br/jis/article/view/40401/26625

A. Anjos, R. Tori, L. Cherubini and F. Nunes, "A comparative study between automated and human evaluation of sensory-motor skills in Interactive 3D Virtual Environments involving application of intramuscular injection", in SBC Journal on 3D Interactive Systems, vol. 5, A. Raposo and M. Guimarães, Eds. Porto Alegre: Brazilian Computing Society, 2014, pp. 30-40. Retrieved Nov 11, 2019 https://seer.ufrgs.br/jis/article/view/49892/32553

R. Ascari, R. Pereira, and L. Silva, Luciano, "Mobile Interaction for Augmentative and Alternative Communication: a Systematic Mapping", in SBC Journal on 3D Interactive Systems, vol. 9, A. Raposo, C. Corrêa, F. Nunes and J. Oliveira, Eds. Porto Alegre: Brazilian Computing Society, 2017, pp. 105-108. Retrieved Nov 11, 2019 https://seer.ufrgs.br/jis/article/view/78713/49455

M. Baranauskas, M. Martins and J. Valente, Codesign de Redes Digitais: Tecnologia e Educação a Serviço da Inclusão. Porto Alegre, RS: Penso, 2013.

C. Benassi and A. Duarte, "Além dos sentidos: ensaios sobre Libras", 2014. Retrieved Nov 11, 2019 https://goo.gl/e8FKKu.

R. Bersch, "Introdução à Tecnologia Assistiva", 2017. Retrieved Nov 11, 2019 https://goo.gl/VMnKup.
Brazil, "Lei nº 8.213: Dispõe sobre os Planos de Benefı́cios da Previdência Social e dá outras providências", 2011. Retrieved Nov 11, 2019 from http://bit.ly/36PlqHT.

Brazil, "Decreto nº 7.611Dispõe sobre a educação especial, o atendimento educacional especializado e dá outras providências", 2011. Retrieved Nov 11, 2019 from http://bit.ly/2NgRj4f.

Brazil, "Lei nº 10.436: Dispõe sobre a Lı́ngua Brasileira de Sinais Libras e dá outras providências", 2002. Retrieved Nov 11, 2019 from https://goo.gl/X4BHZo.

Brazil, "Lei n. 13.146: Institui a Lei Brasileira de Inclusão da Pessoa com Deficiência (Estatuto da Pessoa com Deficiência)", 2015. Retrieved Nov 11, 2019 from https://goo.gl/R2h9tk.

A. Cook and J. Polgar, Cook and Husseys’s Assistive Technologies: Principles and Practice, St. Louis, MO: Mosby Elsevier, 2008.

D. Davis, A technology acceptance model for empirically testing new end-user information systems: theory and results. Cambridge, MA: MIT Sloan School of Management, 1986.

A. Duarte, "Ensino de Libras para ouvintes numa abordagem dialógica: contribuições da teoria bakhtiniana para a elaboração de material didático”. Cuiabá, MT: Federal University of Mato Grosso, 2011. Retrieved Nov 11, 2019 https://goo.gl/J2Qrk6.

A. Duarte, "Metáforas Criativas: processo de aprendizagem de ciências e escrita da Lı́ngua Portuguesa como Segunda Lı́ngua pelo estudante visual (surdo)”. Cuiabá, MT: Federal University of Mato Grosso, 2016. Retrieved Nov 11, 2019 https://goo.gl/r8f31s.

A. Duarte and S. Padilha, "Relações entre Lı́ngua de Sinais e Lı́ngua Portuguesa em materiais didáticos: a notação pelos Números Semântico", in Revista Virtual de Estudos da Linguagem, vol. 10, n. 19. Brazil: ReVEL, 2012, pp. 309-326. Retrieved Nov 11, 2019 https://goo.gl/1V61PA.

D. Fallman, "Design-oriented human-computer interaction", ACM CHI Letters, vol. 5, pp. 225-232, 2003.
M. Ferreira and R. Bonacin, "Analyzing Barriers for People with Hearing Loss on the Web: A Semiotic Study", in UAHCI/HCII, vol. 8010, C. Stephanidis and M. Antona, Eds. Berlin: Springer Heidelberg, 2013, pp. 694-703. Retrieved Nov 11, 2019 https://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=2526561

N. Freitas, S. Straub and M. Souza, "Laboratórios de informática nas escolas estaduais de Mato Grosso: a região de Rondonópolis referente à avaliação feita pelos professores",in VIII Encontro Anual de Educação (ENAED 2018), vol. 8, Sinop, 2018.

L. Flower and R. Hayes, "A Cognitive Process Theory of Writing", 1981. Retrieved Nov 11, 2019 https://goo.gl/yMsEsS.

E. Hayashi, V. Neris, A. Almeida, C. Rodriguez, C. Martins and M. Baranauskas, "Inclusive Social Networks: Clarifying Concepts and Prospecting Solutions for e-Cidadania", Unicamp, 2008. Retrieved Nov 11, 2019 http://www.ic.unicamp.br/ reltech/2008/08-29.pdf.

M. Hersh and M. Johnson, "On modelling assistive technology systems - Part I: Modelling framework", in Technology and Disability, vol. 20. Amsterdam: IOS Press, 2008, pp. 193-215. Retrieved Nov 11, 2019 http://bit.ly/2JOPp8J.

INEP, "Relatório pedagógico: Enem 2011-2012", 2015. Retrieved Nov 11, 2019 https://bit.ly/2Omm727.

INEP, "Participantes do Enem 2017 surdos ou deficientes auditivos ganham orientações em Libras", 2017. Retrieved Nov 11, 2019 https://goo.gl/e6dTgY.

INEP, "Enem 2018 tem 6,7 milhões de inscritos", 2018. Retrieved Nov 11, 2019 https://bit.ly/2PFmZQ1.

Inep, "Videoprova em Libras - ENEM", 2019. Retrieved Nov 11, 2019 http://enemvideolibras.inep.gov.br/.

INEP, "Enem Vı́deo Libras", 2019. Retrieved Nov 11, 2019 http://enemvideolibras.inep.gov.br.

C. Kleina, Tecnologia assistiva em educação especial e educação inclusiva. Curitiba, PR: InterSaberes, 2012.

A. Kintsch and R. DePaula, "A Framework for the Adoption of Assistive Technology", Proceedings SWAAAC 2002: Supporting Learning Through Assistive Technology, pp. 1-10, 2002. Retrieved Nov 11, 2019 https://goo.gl/6Q7goX.

MEC, "Apresentação - Enem", 2018. Retrieved Nov 11, 2019 http://portal.mec.gov.br/enem-sp-2094708791.

E. Menezes, H. Hornung and M. Baranauskas, "Constructing meanings for formal use of mobile communication applications in educational contexts", in SBC Journal on 3D Interactive Systems, vol. 9, A.

Raposo, C. Corrêa, A. Sampaio and C. Boscarioli, Eds. Porto Alegre: Brazilian Computing Society, 2018, pp. 30-39. Retrieved Nov 11, 2019 https://seer.ufrgs.br/jis/article/view/64952/48313

P. S. Paim and S. S. Prietch, "Communicability evaluation of videoexam in libras of the ENEM platform", 18th Brazilian Symposium on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 2019. Retrieved Nov 11, 2019 https://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=3357155.3358478.

P. Paim, S. Prietch and A. Duarte, "CoDesign in the Exploratory Phase of an Assistive Technology product Design to support the Teaching-Learning Process of Brazilian-Portuguese Language for Visual Persons", 17th Brazilian Symposium on Human Factors in Computing Systems, 2018. Retrieved Nov 11, 2019 https://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=3274204.

P. Paiva, L. Machado, J. Oliveira, and R. Moraes, "Networking Issues for 3D Medical Collaborative Virtual Environments: Design and Applications", in SBC Journal on 3D Interactive Systems, vol. 8, A. Raposo, C. Corrêa, C. Leitão and L. Salgado, Eds. Porto Alegre: Brazilian Computing Society, 2017, pp. 89-97. Retrieved Nov 11, 2019 https://seer.ufrgs.br/jis/article/view/73087/45354

A. Pratt and J. Nunes, Interactive Design: An Introduction to the Theory and Application of User-centered Design, Beverly, MA: Rockport Publishers, 2012.

J. Preece, Y. Rogers and H. Sharp, Interaction Design: Beyond HumanComputer Interaction, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, 2011.

S. Prietch and L. Filgueiras, "Technology Acceptance Evaluation by Deaf Students Considering the Inclusive Education Context", International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction - INTERACT, 2015. Retrieved Nov 11, 2019 http://bit.ly/34tqWxD.

R. Roberto, D. Freitas, F. Simoes and V. Teichrieb, "A Dynamic Blocks Platform Based on Projective Augmented Reality and Tangible Interfaces for Educational Activities", in SBC Journal on 3D Interactive Systems, vol. 4, S. Santos and L. Machado, Eds. Porto Alegre: Brazilian Computing Society, 2013, pp. 8-18. Retrieved Nov 11, 2019 https://seer.ufrgs.br/jis/article/view/41779/28436

L. Rocha and C. Lacerda, Vestibulares vı́deo-gravados em libras: um novo modo de acesso ao ensino superior federal?, vol. 29, n. 56. Oxford: Revista Educação Especial, 2016, pp.709-722.

K. Rodrigues, F. Garcia, L. Bocanegra, V. Gonçalves, V. Carvalho and V. Neris, "Personas-Driven Design for Mental Health Therapeutic Applications", in SBC Journal on 3D Interactive Systems, vol. 6, A. Raposo, C. Leitão, C. Maciel and S. Barbosa, Eds. Porto Alegre: Brazilian Computing Society, 2015, pp. 18-34. Retrieved Nov 11, 2019 https://seer.ufrgs.br/jis/article/view/55384/35281

J. Scherer and J. Galvin, "An Outcomes Perspective of Quality Pathways to Most Appropriate Technology", in Evaluating, Selecting and Using Appropriate Assistive Technology. Gaithersburg: Aspen Publishers, 1996, pp. 1-26.

D. Silva, T. Araújo, L. Dantas and V. Martins, "Formal Language to Describe and Animate Signs in Brazilian Sign Language", in SBC Journal on 3D Interactive Systems, vol. 3, A. Machado and L. Soares, Eds. Porto Alegre: Brazilian Computing Society, 2012, pp. 16-26. Retrieved Nov 11, https://seer.ufrgs.br/jis/article/view/36737/23852

C. Slaviero and E. Haeusler, "Computational Thinking Tools: Analyzing concurrency and its representations", in SBC Journal on 3D Interactive Systems, vol. 9, A. Raposo, C. Corrêa, A. Sampaio and C. Boscarioli, Eds. Porto Alegre: Brazilian Computing Society, 2018, pp. 40-52. Retrieved Nov 11, 2019 https://seer.ufrgs.br/jis/article/view/64915/48314

Downloads

Published

2019-12-20

How to Cite

PAIM, P. dos S.; PRIETCH, S. S. Problems and Solutions in the Design for Deaf Persons who are Sign Language Users to Adopt Assistive Technology Products. Journal on Interactive Systems, Porto Alegre, RS, v. 10, n. 2, p. 70–81, 2019. DOI: 10.5753/jis.2019.554. Disponível em: https://sol.sbc.org.br/journals/index.php/jis/article/view/554. Acesso em: 24 oct. 2021.