Enhancing the Human-Machine Interface: An Analysis of Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) Using the System Usability Scale (SUS)

  • Ivan de Souza Rehder ITA
  • Andrew Sarmento ITA
  • Ana Carolina Russo ITA
  • Moacyr Machado Cardoso Junior ITA
  • Emilia Villani ITA


This study assessed the usability of an Interactive System for Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) using the System Usability Scale (SUS). A simulation-based experiment involved 24 pilots with varying experience levels. Results showed an average SUS score of 67.4, indicating reasonably positive usability perception. Participants without prior piloting or aeronautical experiences scored lower, while those with military or technical backgrounds scored higher. These findings highlight the importance of considering user backgrounds for effective UAS control and offer insights for usability improvements.


Brooke, J. (1996). SUS: A “Quick and Dirty” Usability Scale. Usability Evaluation In Industry, January 1996, 207–212. https://doi.org/10.1201/9781498710411-35

Engsley, M. R., Onal, E., & Kaber, D. B. (1997). The Impact of Intermediate Levels of Automation on Situation Awareness and Performance in Dynamic Control Systems . IEEE SIXTH ANNUAL HUMAN FACTORS MEETING. [link].

Fricke, T., & Holzapfel, F. (2016, January). An Approach to Flight Control with Large Time Delays Derived from a Pulsive Human Control Strategy. AIAA Atmospheric Flight Mechanics Conference . https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2016-1033

Landry, S. J. (2018). Handbook of Human Factors in Air Transportation Systems. Taylor & Francis Group. [link].

Pestana, M. E. (2011). Flying unmanned aircraft: A pilot’s perspective. AIAA Infotech at Aerospace Conference and Exhibit 2011, March, 1–9. https://doi.org/10.2514/6.2011-1490

Rowe, L. J., Cooke, N. J., Bennett, W., & Joralmon, D. Q. (2017). Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems : A Human Systems Integration Perspective. John Wiley & Sons Ltd. [link].
Como Citar

Selecione um Formato
REHDER, Ivan de Souza; SARMENTO, Andrew; RUSSO, Ana Carolina; CARDOSO JUNIOR, Moacyr Machado; VILLANI, Emilia. Enhancing the Human-Machine Interface: An Analysis of Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) Using the System Usability Scale (SUS). In: PÔSTERES E DEMONSTRAÇÕES - SIMPÓSIO BRASILEIRO DE FATORES HUMANOS EM SISTEMAS COMPUTACIONAIS (IHC), 22. , 2023, Maceió/AL. Anais [...]. Porto Alegre: Sociedade Brasileira de Computação, 2023 . p. 84-88. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5753/ihc_estendido.2023.233145.