Enabling microservices management for Deep Learning applications across the Edge-Cloud Continuum

  • Zeina Houmani University of Lyon
  • Daniel Balouek-Thomert University of Utah
  • Eddy Caron University of Lyon
  • Manish Parashar University of Utah


Deep Learning has shifted the focus of traditional batch workflows to data-driven feature engineering on streaming data. In particular, the execution of Deep Learning workflows presents expectations of near-real-time results with user-defined acceptable accuracy. Meeting the objectives of such applications across heterogeneous resources located at the edge of the network, the core, and in-between requires managing trade-offs between the accuracy and the urgency of the results. However, current data analysis rarely manages the entire Deep Learning pipeline along the data path, making it complex for developers to implement strategies in realworld deployments. Driven by an object detection use case, this paper presents an architecture for time-critical Deep Learning workflows by providing a data-driven scheduling approach to distribute the pipeline across Edge to Cloud resources. Furthermore, it adopts a data management strategy that reduces the resolution of incoming data when potential trade-off optimizations are available. We illustrate the system's viability through a performance evaluation of the object detection use case on the Grid'5000 testbed. We demonstrate that in a multi-user scenario, with a standard frame rate of 25 frames per second, the system speed-up data analysis up to 54.4% compared to a Cloud-only-based scenario with an analysis accuracy higher than a fixed threshold.
Palavras-chave: Deep learning, Data analysis, Image edge detection, Pipelines, Object detection, Computer architecture, Time factors, Cloud computing, Edge computing, Microservices, Task allocation, Real-time processing, Computing Continuum, Deep Learning
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HOUMANI, Zeina; BALOUEK-THOMERT, Daniel; CARON, Eddy; PARASHAR, Manish. Enabling microservices management for Deep Learning applications across the Edge-Cloud Continuum. In: INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON COMPUTER ARCHITECTURE AND HIGH PERFORMANCE COMPUTING (SBAC-PAD), 33. , 2021, Belo Horizonte. Anais [...]. Porto Alegre: Sociedade Brasileira de Computação, 2021 . p. 137-146.