Mirante: A visualization tool for analyzing urban crimes

  • Germain Garcia-Zanabria USP
  • Erick Gomez-Nieto UCSP
  • Jaqueline Alvarenga Silveira USP
  • Jorge Poco FGV
  • Marcelo Nery USP
  • Sergio Adorno USP
  • Luis Gustavo Nonato USP


Visualization assisted crime analysis tools used by public security agencies are usually designed to explore large urban areas, relying on grid-based heatmaps to reveal spatial crime distribution in whole districts, regions, and neighborhoods. Therefore, those tools can hardly identify micro-scale patterns closely related to crime opportunity, whose understanding is fundamental to the planning of preventive actions. Enabling a combined analysis of spatial patterns and their evolution over time is another challenge faced by most crime analysis tools. In this paper, we present \emph{Mirante}, a crime mapping visualization system that allows spatiotemporal analysis of crime patterns in a street-level scale. In contrast to conventional tools, Mirante builds upon street-level heatmaps and other visualization resources that enable spatial and temporal pattern analysis, uncovering fine-scale crime hotspots, seasonality, and dynamics over time. Mirante has been developed in close collaboration with domain experts, following rigid requirements as scalability and versatile to be implemented in large and medium-sized cities. We demonstrate the usefulness of Mirante throughout case studies run by domain experts using real data sets from cities with different characteristics. With the help of Mirante, the experts were capable of diagnosing how crime evolvesin specific regions of the cities while still being able to raise hypotheses about why certain types of crime show up
Palavras-chave: Crime Mapping, Crime Data, Spatio Temporal Data, Visual Analytics
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GARCIA-ZANABRIA, Germain; GOMEZ-NIETO, Erick; SILVEIRA, Jaqueline Alvarenga; POCO, Jorge; NERY, Marcelo; ADORNO, Sergio; NONATO, Luis Gustavo. Mirante: A visualization tool for analyzing urban crimes. In: CONFERENCE ON GRAPHICS, PATTERNS AND IMAGES (SIBGRAPI), 33. , 2020, Evento Online. Anais [...]. Porto Alegre: Sociedade Brasileira de Computação, 2020 . p. 188-195.