Deep learning-based framework for Shape Instance Registration on 3D CAD models
3D CAD models play an important role in large-scale engineering projects. The increasing demand for highly-detailed datasets presents a challenge for efficient storage, transmission, and rendering. To reduce dataset size, 3D shape matching techniques have been proposed to find repeated triangle meshes, but are strongly dependent on surface triangulation. Meanwhile, existing shape registration techniques are not well suited for the 3D CAD domain. In this paper, we present a deep learning-based framework that uses point clouds to identify repeated instances of triangle meshes (a single 3D CAD model component) overcoming the limitations of previous work and guaranteeing an upper bound on any geometric errors. The framework combines PointNet++ for shape classification with a registration procedure based on Principal Component Analysis and the Adam optimizer. The resulting affine transformation can be used to efficiently instantiate repeated CAD geometries. Using the proposed framework, we were able to reduce a real-world 3D CAD model to 2.61% of its original size, while preserving its geometric accuracy and improving rendering performance.