User-Assisted Design of a Neural Network for Brain Tumor Segmentation

  • Matheus A. Cerqueira UNICAMP
  • Alexandre X. Falcão UNICAMP


Brain tumor segmentation is a complicated task, with deep learning (DL) presenting the best results. However, DL segmentation models have been increasing in complexity over the last few years, requiring a high volume of fully-annotated images, which is aggravated by the fact that those models are trained to optimize a loss function with no or less understanding of how the features are learned. In contrast, a recent methodology, Feature Learning from Image Markers (FLIM), has involved an expert in the learning loop while reducing human effort in data annotation without using the backpropagation algorithm. In this work, We employ a method for estimating and selecting filters that explore user knowledge, ensuring that the first convolutional layer has features that activate the different lesions and healthy tissue patterns. We used a small U-shaped network (sU-Net) where the encoder is trained with two FLIM modifications, first with multiple training steps (MS-FLIM) and the second by using distinct configurations of markers and images using a biased FLIM (B-FLIM). The results show that the sU-Net based on MS-FLIM and B-FLIM outperforms the standard FLIM and the backpropagation algorithm. Also, We showed that our methodology achieves effectiveness within the standard deviations of the SOTA models while using a small number of layers.


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CERQUEIRA, Matheus A.; FALCÃO, Alexandre X.. User-Assisted Design of a Neural Network for Brain Tumor Segmentation. In: WORKSHOP DE TESES E DISSERTAÇÕES - CONFERENCE ON GRAPHICS, PATTERNS AND IMAGES (SIBGRAPI), 36. , 2023, Rio Grande/RS. Anais [...]. Porto Alegre: Sociedade Brasileira de Computação, 2023 . p. 76-82. DOI:

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