Orthus: A Blockchain Platform for Smart Cities
Blockchain has been widely used to store decentralized and secure transactions involving cryptocurrency (for instance, Bitcoin and Ethereum solutions). On the other hand, Smart City applications are concerned about how data and services can be safely stored and shared. In this regard, this research investigates the use of Blockchain in the Smart Cities scenario. Based on that, a platform named Orthus was proposed to support Blockchain in Smart City initiatives focused on scalability. This work presents a case study about how to use the proposed platform in the Natal Smart City Initiative in Brazil to handle land registration. Moreover, it also compares this platform with other implementations that use Blockchain in different domains. Finally, this research confirms that the use of blockchain technology has much to contribute to Smart City solutions once it enables the creation of solutions in distributed networks to meet the demand of the entire population.
Elli Androulaki, Artem Barger, Vita Bortnikov, Christian Cachin, Konstantinos Christidis, Angelo De Caro, David Enyeart, Christopher Ferris, Gennady Lavent- man, Yacov Manevich, et al. 2018. Hyperledger fabric: a distributed operating system for permissioned blockchains. In Proceedings of the Thirteenth EuroSys Conference. 1–15.
Jerry Brito and Andrea Castillo. 2013. Bitcoin: A primer for policymakers. Mercatus Center at George Mason University.
Guang Chen, Bing Xu, Manli Lu, and Nian-Shing Chen. 2018. Exploring blockchain technology and its potential applications for education. Smart Learning Environments 5, 1 (2018), 1.
Ian Grigg. 2017. EOS-An introduction. (Whitepaper) https://iang.org/papers/EOS_An_Introduction.pdf (2017).
Roland Kuhn, Brian Hanafee, and Jamie Allen. 2017. Reactive design patterns. Manning Publications Co.
Rosabeth Moss Kanter and Stanley S Litow. 2009. Informed and interconnected: A manifesto for smarter cities. (2009).
Peter B Nichol, CSSMBB PMP, and CQM CMPI. 2016. Co-Creation of Trust for Healthcare: The Cryptocitizen Framework for Interoperability with Blockchain. (2016).
David Rull Aixa. 2018. Analysis and study of data security in the Internet of Things paradigm from a Blockchain technology approach. (2018).
Pradip Kumar Sharma, Seo Yeon Moon, and Jong Hyuk Park. 2017. Block-VN: A distributed blockchain based vehicular network architecture in smart City. Journal of Information Processing Systems 13, 1 (2017), 84.
Jianjun Sun, Jiaqi Yan, and Kem ZK Zhang. 2016. Blockchain-based sharing services: What blockchain technology can contribute to smart cities. Financial Innovation 2, 1 (2016), 26.