Relevance, Novelty, Diversity and Personalization in Tag Recommendation

  • Fabiano Muniz Belém UFMG
  • Jussara Marques Almeida UFMG
  • Marcos André Gonçalves UFMG


The design and evaluation of tag recommendation methods have historically focused on maximizing the relevance of the suggested tags for a given object, such as a movie or a song. Tag relevance can be defined in two perspectives. In an object-centered perspective, a tag is relevant if it correctly describes the content of the target object, while in a personalized perspective, a relevant tag not only describes well the content of the target object, but also matches the interests of the target user. However, even enriched by a personalized perspective, relevance by itself may not be enough to guarantee recommendation usefulness. Promoting novelty and diversity in tag recommendation not only increases the chances that the user will select some of the recommended tags, but also promotes complementary information (i.e., tags), which helps cover multiple aspects or topics related to the target object. Yet, no prior work has tackled novelty and diversity in the specific context of tag recommendation. In this thesis, we aim at proposing novel solutions that effectively address multiple aspects related to the tag recommendation problem, notably, relevance, novelty, diversity and personalization of the suggested tags. We evaluate our strategies using real data from five Web 2.0 applications, namely, Bibsonomy, LastFM, MovieLens, YahooVideo and YouTube. Our experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness of our new methods over state-of-the-art approaches, and attest the viability to effectively increase novelty and diversity with only a slight impact (if any) on relevance. We also found that our proposed syntactic attributes are responsible for significant improvements (up to 17% in precision) over the best relevance-driven method in a cold start scenario. In addition, we assessed the benefits of personalization to provide better descriptions of the target object, with average gains of 15% in relevance over the best object-centered approach.
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BELÉM, Fabiano Muniz; ALMEIDA, Jussara Marques; GONÇALVES, Marcos André. Relevance, Novelty, Diversity and Personalization in Tag Recommendation. In: CONCURSO DE TESES E DISSERTAÇÕES - SIMPÓSIO BRASILEIRO DE SISTEMAS MULTIMÍDIA E WEB (WEBMEDIA), 1. , 2019, Florianópolis. Anais Estendidos do XXV Simpósio Brasileiro de Sistemas Multimídia e Web. Porto Alegre: Sociedade Brasileira de Computação, oct. 2019 . p. 13-16. ISSN 2596-1683. DOI: