A Graph-Based Crossover and Soft-Repair Operators for the Steiner Tree Problem


In the Steiner Tree Problem in Graphs, a subset of nodes, called terminals, must be efficiently interconnected. The graph is undirected and weighted, and candidate solutions can include additional nodes called Steiner vertices. The problem is NP-complete, and optimization algorithms based on population metaheuristics, e.g., Genetic Algorithms (GAs), have been proposed. However, traditional recombination operators may produce inefficient solutions for graph-based problems. We propose a new recombination operator for the Steiner Tree Problem based on the graph representation. The new operator is a kind of partition crossover: it breaks the graph formed by the union of two parents solutions and decomposes the evaluation function by finding connected subgraphs. We also investigate two soft-repair operators that produce small changes in candidate solutions: an MST transformation and a pruning repair. The GA with the proposed crossover operator was able to find the global optimum solution for all tested instances and has a success rate of 28% in the worst case. The experiments with the proposed crossover presented a quick convergence to optimal solutions, and an average solution cost lower in most cases than other approaches.
Palavras-chave: Steiner Tree Problem in Graphs, Partition based crossover, Genetic algorithms
Como Citar

Selecione um Formato
GODOI, Giliard Almeida de; TINÓS, Renato; SANCHES, Danilo Sipoli. A Graph-Based Crossover and Soft-Repair Operators for the Steiner Tree Problem. In: BRAZILIAN CONFERENCE ON INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS (BRACIS), 10. , 2021, Online. Anais [...]. Porto Alegre: Sociedade Brasileira de Computação, 2021 . ISSN 2643-6264.