DEEPAGÉ: Answering Questions in Portuguese About the Brazilian Environment


The challenge of climate change and biome conservation is one of the most pressing issues of our time—particularly in Brazil, where key environmental reserves are located. Given the availability of large textual databases on ecological themes, it is natural to resort to question answering (QA) systems to increase social awareness and understanding about these topics. In this work, we introduce multiple QA systems that combine in novel ways the BM25 algorithm, a sparse retrieval technique, with PTT5, a pre-trained state-of-the-art language model. Our QA systems focus on the Portuguese language, thus offering resources not found elsewhere in the literature. As training data, we collected questions from open-domain datasets, as well as content from the Portuguese Wikipedia and news from the press. We thus contribute with innovative architectures and novel applications, attaining an F1-score of 36.2 with our best model.
Palavras-chave: Question answering, Environment in Brazil, Natural language processing in Portuguese
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CAÇÃO, Flávio Nakasato; JOSÉ, Marcos Menon; OLIVEIRA, André Seidel; SPINDOLA, Stefano; COSTA, Anna Helena Reali; COZMAN, Fabio Gagliardi. DEEPAGÉ: Answering Questions in Portuguese About the Brazilian Environment. In: BRAZILIAN CONFERENCE ON INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS (BRACIS), 10. , 2021, Online. Anais [...]. Porto Alegre: Sociedade Brasileira de Computação, 2021 . ISSN 2643-6264.