On the Complexity of Subfall Coloring of Graphs


Given a graph G and a proper k-coloring f of G, a b-vertex in f is a vertex that is adjacent to every color class but its own. If every vertex is a b-vertex, then f is a fall k-coloring; and G has a subfall k-coloring if there is an induced H $\subseteq$ G such that H has a fall k-coloring. The subfall chromatic number of G is the largest positive integer $\psi_{fs}(G)$ such that G has a subfall $\psi_{fs}(G)$-coloring. We prove that deciding if a graph G has a subfall k-coloring is NP-complete for k $\geq$ 4, and characterize graphs having a subfall 3-coloring. This answers a question posed by Dunbar et al. (2000) in their seminal paper. We also prove polinomiality for chordal graphs and cographs, and present a comparison with other known coloring metrics based on heuristics.
Palavras-chave: Fall Coloring, Subfall Coloring, Graph Coloring, Subfall Continuity, Computational Complexity


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ANDRADE, Davi de; SILVA, Ana. On the Complexity of Subfall Coloring of Graphs. In: ENCONTRO DE TEORIA DA COMPUTAÇÃO (ETC), 6. , 2021, Evento Online. Anais [...]. Porto Alegre: Sociedade Brasileira de Computação, 2021 . p. 70-73. ISSN 2595-6116. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5753/etc.2021.16383.