Systematic map and review of Google Classroom usage during the Covid-19 pandemic: an analysis by data clustering approach

Autores

  • Danielli Araújo Lima Instituto Federal do Triângulo Mineiro (IFTM), Laboratório de Inteligência Computacional e Robótica (LICRo), Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Instituto de Ciências Matemáticas e de Computação (ICMC) São Carlos https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0324-6690
  • Seiji Isotani Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Instituto de Ciências Matemáticas e de Computação (ICMC) São Carlos, Applied Computing in Education and Advanced Social Technology Laboratory (CAEd) São Carlos https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1574-0784

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5753/rbie.2022.2204

Palavras-chave:

Google Sala de Aula, Sistema de Gerenciamento da Aprendizagem, Aprendizado de Máquina, Agrupamento de Dados, Pandemia Covid-19, Revisão Sistemática da Literatura

Resumo

A pandemia da Covid-19 trouxe alterações na vida das pessoas e em diversos setores da economia, incluindo o setor da educação. No entanto, mesmo distantes, alunos e professores puderam por meio de tecnologias digitais continuar suas atividades acadêmicas de forma satisfatória. Muitas tecnologias digitais foram usadas para diminuir o distanciamento entre professor e aluno, mas neste trabalho, fizemos uma revisão do Google Classroom (GC), por ser uma ferramenta amplamente difundida e muito utilizada ao redor de todo o mundo. Para uma análise mais conclusiva, utilizamos uma revisão sistemática da literatura para obter artigos relevantes e os (N = 25) artigos extraídos foram agrupados por similaridade por meio de algoritmos de clusterização, para facilitar a sumarização dos dados. O melhor algoritmo de clusterização dentre os três comparados foi o k-medoids, pois gerou agrupamentos com melhor separação dos dados. Em nossa pesquisa, 56% dos artigos foram publicados em 2020 e 44% dos artigos foram publicados em 2021. A maioria das análises para a ferramenta foram positivas (72%): por se tratar de uma ferramenta com boa usabilidade com possibilidade de navegação por hiperlinks. Porém algumas fraquezas em 28% dos artigos (revisão negativa ou neutra) foram encontradas quando professores ou alunos enfrentavam instabilidade nas redes. Além disso, alguns autores apresentaram soluções para contornar o problema do uso do GC durante a pandemia, tais como, o uso de outras redes para o apoio à aprendizagem e a utilização de ferramentas que permitem comunicação síncrona entre professor e estudante.

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Arquivos adicionais

Publicado

2022-03-07

Como Citar

LIMA, D. A.; ISOTANI, S. Systematic map and review of Google Classroom usage during the Covid-19 pandemic: an analysis by data clustering approach. Revista Brasileira de Informática na Educação, [S. l.], v. 30, p. 20–49, 2022. DOI: 10.5753/rbie.2022.2204. Disponível em: https://sol.sbc.org.br/journals/index.php/rbie/article/view/2204. Acesso em: 23 abr. 2024.

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