Evaluation of modular multiplication techniques for Supersingular Isogeny Schemes on ARMv8 cores

Resumo


This paper focuses on the evaluation of different modular multiplication implementation techniques on 64-bit ARMv8 systems for the third-round NIST alternate candidate SIKE. The benchmarks were performed on four devices: an Orange Pi WinPlus featuring the Cortex-A53 processor, an NVIDIA Jetson Nano with a Cortex-A57, a Raspberry Pi 4 with a Cortex-A72 and a Macbook Air based on an Apple M1 chip. Throughout these platforms we observed that the two-level Karatsuba Comba method performs better on most Cortex-A processors but the Operand Scanning method presented a performance improvement ranging from 10% to 43% for the multiplication procedure and a 7% to 25% improvement for the modular reduction on the Apple M1 for all SIKE security levels, resulting in an overall improvement ranging from 8% to 28% for the SIKE KEM operations on this architecture.
Palavras-chave: Supersingular isogeny-based cryptography, SIKE, ARM processors, Prime fields, Extension fields, Efficient computation, Post-quantum cryptography

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Publicado
12/09/2022
MATSUMINE, Vitor Satoru Machi; RODRIGUES, Félix Carvalho; GAZZONI FILHO, Décio; TEIXEIRA, Caio; LÓPEZ, Julio; DAHAB, Ricardo. Evaluation of modular multiplication techniques for Supersingular Isogeny Schemes on ARMv8 cores. In: SIMPÓSIO BRASILEIRO DE SEGURANÇA DA INFORMAÇÃO E DE SISTEMAS COMPUTACIONAIS (SBSEG), 22. , 2022, Santa Maria. Anais [...]. Porto Alegre: Sociedade Brasileira de Computação, 2022 . p. 29-42. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5753/sbseg.2022.224951.

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