The use of wearables to prevent sexual violence: a systematic mapping study
Context: The sexual violence is recognized as a serious violation of women's human rights and a global public health problem. The World Health Organization (WHO) claims that 23% of brazilians have already been sexually or physically abused by their intimate partners. Considering Latin America and Caribe, the WHO indicates that 11% of women have been sexually abused by relatives, friends or unknown persons. This insecurity cenario combined with the Internet of Things popularization has motivated the emergence of wearable systems to prevent sexual violations. Problem: Such artifacts have been continually produced by public and private organizations. However, few studies investigate the particularities of these wearable applications and how they can benefit or prejudice the women's well-being. Solution: This work aims to identify these technologies and apurate their functionalities, characteristics, limitations and implications with the security of the users. IS Theory: This study was outlined according to the foundations of General Systems Theory, mainly for approaching interdisciplinary scientific concepts. Method: This paper executes a Systematic Literature Mapping which analyzes and synthesizes evidences from primary studies to structure the proposed research topic. Summary of results: Through the analysis of 16 publications, an overview of the identified wearable systems was constructed. Contributions to IS: The main contribution of this work is to expose the attributes of wearable applications for women's safety and the effects arising from the use of these technologies. Besides, this research also contributed to the GranDSI-BR 2016-2026, in the line "Systemic and Socially Aware Perspective for Information Systems".
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