The Use of an Augmented Reality Application to improve User Experience in Museums in São Luís - Maranhão

  • Gabriel Nogueira Berthier IFMA
  • Daniel Lima Gomes Jr. IFMA
  • Ivana Márcia Oliveira Maia IFMA
  • Anselmo Cardoso de Paiva UFMA


Museums are often acknowledged as a place to get involved into education, history and the world of art, serving large communities with the access to their exhibits as well as being seen as a knowledge source provided by their guides, collections, archives and others. Whilst visitors' experience in such given contexts may have been almost the same for a long time in which the interaction with the displayed artifacts and the experience within the context is restrained due to impositions to prevent visitors from handle assets and collections -, in many museums, gradually, the approach towards their visitors has changed as an attempt to improve the quality of experience offered. One strategy applied to improve visitors' experience in an exhibition environment is to use Augmented Reality (AR) as a manner to bring the user into a more active role and witness exhibitions at their own pace. This strategy consists in the employment of Augmented Reality in order to supply the visitor with a more detailed and interactive perspective of the assets presented, extending the comprehension of the surrounding space and adding an extra informative and interactive real time layer. This project's main goal is to provide an augmented reality application to be used by São Luís museums' visitors, in order to make exhibitions more attractive and educative to a large percentage of the population, as long as they have access to smartphones and mobile devices. The developed application was done focusing on fast development and recognition quality. Also, experiments using 2D and 3D shapes were conducted in order to prepare the system for future realistic fiducial markers and real life objects. The results satisfied the usage concepts, although latency and performance are still a concern when regarding multi-targets and connecting to a remote web service. The construction of an AR system has enough support to deliver both tracking and display virtual objects with no major performance loss, hence identifying one target at time and generating virtual content during usage can be done in a scenario such as the museum metaphor, accomplishing the conceptual goals aimed prior to the developed app. 

Palavras-chave: Museums, Augmented Reality, User Experience


Helen Papagianis, ”3 ways Augmented Reality can have a positive impact on society”. Retrieved August 27, 2021, from

S. Harlow, R. Cummings and S. M. Aberasturi, “Karl Popper and Jean Piaget: A rationale for constructivism”, Educational Forum, 71(1), 41-48, 2006 doi: 10.1080/00131720608984566

R. T. Azuma, ”A survey of augmented reality,” Presence, vol. 6, pp. 355-385, 1997.

Epoca Negócios. Retrieved August 26, 2020, from [link].

I. DIS, ”9241-210: 2010. Ergonomics of human system interaction-Part 210: Human-centred design for interactive systems,” International Standardization Organization (ISO). Switzerland, 2009.

National Institute of Historic and Artistic Heritage (Instituto do Patrimônio Histórico e Artístico Nacional). S˜ao Luís (MA). Retrieved June 10, 2020, from

D. Amin and S. Govilkar, “Comparative study of Augmented Reality SDK’s”, International Journal on Computational Sciences & Applications (IJCSA), Volume 5, No.1, pp. 16. February 2015.

J. Ren, Y. Guo, D. Zhang, Q. Liu and Y. Zhang, “Distributed and Efficient Object Detection in Edge Computing: Challenges and Solutions”, IEEE Network, vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 137-143, November/December 2018, doi: 10.1109/MNET.2018.1700415.

M. C. Costa, A. Manso, J. Patrício, ”Design of a Mobile Augmented Reality Platform with Game-Based Learning Purposes”, Information, 1:19. November 2020; DOI:10.3390/info11030127

T. Vale, I. Crnkovic, E. de Almeida, P. Silveira Neto, Y. Cavalcanti, S. Meira, “Twenty-eight years of component-based software engineering”, Journal of Systems and Software, 111:128-148. January 2016;. DOI

R. Eiris Pereira, M. Gheisari and B. Esmaeili, “Using Panoramic Augmented Reality to Develop a Virtual Safety Training Environment”, Construction Research Congress, pp. 29-39, 2018. DOI: 10.1061/9780784481288.004.
BERTHIER, Gabriel Nogueira; GOMES JR., Daniel Lima; MAIA, Ivana Márcia Oliveira; PAIVA, Anselmo Cardoso de. The Use of an Augmented Reality Application to improve User Experience in Museums in São Luís - Maranhão. In: WORKSHOP DE TRABALHOS DA GRADUAÇÃO - CONFERENCE ON GRAPHICS, PATTERNS AND IMAGES (SIBGRAPI), 34. , 2021, Online. Anais [...]. Porto Alegre: Sociedade Brasileira de Computação, 2021 . p. 228-232. DOI:


1 2 > >>