A conceptual model for autonomic relationships in the Social Internet of Things

  • Leandro Camargo UFPel
  • Ana Marilza Pernas UFPel
  • Adenauer Yamin UFPel


Miniaturization of computing devices allows everyday physical objects to communicate on a network through various ubiquitous media. In this scenario, smart things can socially interact autonomously with each other. In order to make this scenario a reality, this work presents the conception of a Conceptual Model for the dynamic management of the relationships established between intelligent objects, thus contributing to the consolidation of the Social Internet of Things. We designed a friendship recommendation and social circle composition approach that monitors interaction and highlights the most relevant objects for fulfilling requests. Additional contributions are: (i) simplification of the interaction process between objects; (ii) timely indication of friendship; and (iii) a structuring proposal for the social circle. The Link Analysis technique is the basis of the model implemented to identify connections between individuals and qualify interactions. In addition, the composition of the social circle is guided by the theory of social networks of the Organizational Network Analysis methodology, aiming to simplify indications of new friendships. Results of partial evaluations demonstrated the potential of the implemented model to correctly classify the interactions and roles of objects defined in the relationships. This validation leads to planned future work and the improvement of the implemented model.
Palavras-chave: Social Circle, Friendship Recommendation, Virtual Object


Monira N Aldelaimi, M Anwar Hossain, and Mohammed F Alhamid. 2020. Building dynamic communities of interest for internet of things in smart cities. Sensors 20, 10 (2020), 2986–3008.

Abdulwahab Aljubairy, Wei Emma Zhang, Quan Z Sheng, and Ahoud Alhazmi. 2020. Siotpredict: A framework for predicting relationships in the social internet of things. In Advanced Information Systems Engineering. Springer International Publishing, Cham, 101–116.

Farhan Amin and Gyu Sang Choi. 2020. Social Pal: A Combined Platform for Internet of Things and Social Networks. In 2020 5th International Conference on Computer and Communication Systems (ICCCS). IEEE, Shanghai, China, 786–790.

Piotr Andrzejak, Lukasz Wawrzynek, et al. 2021. Challenges in the Organizational Network Analysis: A Data Collection Process Perspective. European Research Studies Journal 24, Special 3 (2021), 883–893.

Luigi Atzori, Antonio Iera, and Giacomo Morabito. 2015. Social internet of things: turning smart objects into social objects to boost the IoT. IEEE. [link].

Sergey Brin and Lawrence Page. 1998. The anatomy of a large-scale hypertextual web search engine. Computer networks and ISDN systems 30, 1-7 (1998), 107–117.

Leandro Camargo, Ana Pernas, and Adenauer Yamin. 2021. Gestao de Relacionamentos em Ambientes da IoT Social: Uma Revisao Sistematica, In Simposio Brasileiro de Automacao Inteligente-SBAI. SBA 1, 1, 2019–2024. https://doi.org/10.20906/sbai.v1i1.2851

Rob Cross and Peter Gray. 2021. Optimizing Return-to-Office Strategies With Organizational Network Analysis. MIT Sloan Management Review 62, 4 (2021),1–7.

Daniel Defiebre, Dimitris Sacharidis, and Panagiotis Germanakos. 2020. A Decentralized Recommendation Engine in the Social Internet of Things. In Adjunct Publication of the 28th ACM Conference on User Modeling, Adaptation and Personalization. ACM, Genoa, 77–82. https://doi.org/10.1145/3386392.3397602

Sahraoui Dhelim, Huansheng Ning, Fadi Farha, Liming Chen, Luigi Atzori, and Mahmoud Daneshmand. 2021. IoT-enabled social relationships meet artificial social intelligence. IEEE Internet of Things Journal 8, 24 (2021), 17817–17828.

Giancarlo Fortino, Fabrizio Messina, Domenico Rosaci, and Giuseppe ML Sarnè. 2020. ResIoT: An IoT social framework resilient to malicious activities. IEEE/CAA Journal of Automatica Sinica 7, 5 (2020), 1263–1278.

David Haemers. 2021. Exploring Organizational Network Analysis: A Case Study. Master’s thesis. University of Twente.

Gizem Hülür and Birthe Macdonald. 2020. Rethinking social relationships in old age: Digitalization and the social lives of older adults. American Psychologist 75, 4 (2020), 554.

Sergio Jimenez, Fabio N Silva, George Dueñas, and Alexander Gelbukh. 2022. ProficiencyRank: Automatically ranking expertise in online collaborative social networks. Information Sciences 588 (2022), 231–247.

Abdullah Khanfor, Raby Hamadi, Hakim Ghazzai, Ye Yang, Mohammad Rafiqul Haider, and Yehia Massoud. 2020. Computational resource allocation for edge computing in social internet-of-things. In 2020 IEEE 63rd International Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems (MWSCAS). IEEE, Springfield, 233–236. https://doi.org/10.1109/MWSCAS48704.2020.9184663

Amar Khelloufi, Huansheng Ning, Sahraoui Dhelim, Tie Qiu, Jianhua Ma, Runhe Huang, and Luigi Atzori. 2020. A social-relationships-based service recommendation system for SIoT devices. IEEE Internet of Things Journal 8, 3 (2020), 1859–1870.

A Meena Kowshalya and ML Valarmathi. 2017. Trust management in the social internet of things. Wireless Personal Communications 96, 2 (2017), 2681–2691.

Guang Xing Lye, Wai Khuen Cheng, Teik Boon Tan, Chen Wei Hung, and Yen-Lin Chen. 2020. Creating personalized recommendations in a smart community by performing user trajectory analysis through social Internet of Things deployment. Sensors 20, 7 (2020), 2098. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20072098

Claudio Marche, Luigi Atzori, Virginia Pilloni, and Michele Nitti. 2020. How to exploit the social Internet of Things: Query generation model and device profiles’ dataset. Computer Networks 174 (2020), 107248.

Tiffany McDowell, Hillary Horn, and Dave Witkowski. 2016. Organizational Network Analysis. Deloitte Development LLC 1, 1 (2016), 1–5.

Abozar Nasirahmadi and Oliver Hensel. 2022. Toward the Next Generation of Digitalization in Agriculture Based on Digital Twin Paradigm. Sensors 22, 2 (2022), 498.

F Preuss and Yu M Perevozkina. 2020. INTERCONNECTION AND TYPES OF SOCIAL RELATIONS OF ROLE SOCIALIZATION SYSTEM FORMATION: META-SYSTEM APPROACH. Systems Psychology and Sociology 35, 3 (2020), 5–26. https://doi.org/10.25688/2223-6872.2020.35.3.1

Subash Rajendran and R Jebakumar. 2021. Object Recommendation based Friendship Selection (ORFS) for navigating smarter social objects in SIoT. Microprocessors and Microsystems 80 (2021), 103358.

MS Roopa, Rajkumar Buyya, KR Venugopal, SS Iyengar, and LM Patnaik. 2021. DRCM: dynamic relationship creation and management in social internet of things. International Journal of Intelligent Internet of Things Computing 1, 3 (2021), 200–229.

Navrati Saxena, Farooque Hassan Kumbhar, and Abhishek Roy. 2020. Exploiting social relationships for trustworthy D2D relay in 5G cellular networks. IEEE Communications Magazine 58, 2 (2020), 48–53.

Yong Shi. 2022. Link Analysis. In Advances in BigData Analytics. Springer, Singapore, 433–475.
Como Citar

Selecione um Formato
CAMARGO, Leandro; PERNAS, Ana Marilza; YAMIN, Adenauer. A conceptual model for autonomic relationships in the Social Internet of Things. In: SIMPÓSIO BRASILEIRO DE SISTEMAS MULTIMÍDIA E WEB (WEBMEDIA), 28. , 2022, Curitiba. Anais [...]. Porto Alegre: Sociedade Brasileira de Computação, 2022 . p. 327-335.

Artigos mais lidos do(s) mesmo(s) autor(es)